Given the increasing threat of disinformation and its polarizing effect, tense and uncertain social situations arise. A sudden change of mood can have devastating consequences, especially with regard to tendencies that threaten democracy. This leads to a rejection not only of individual political decisions, but of the entire political system and its democratic institutions.
Tipping points are not necessarily bad per se. Consider, for example, the spread of sustainable behavior. Crucially, seemingly insignificant events can trigger cascades of opinion change when a tipping point is reached.
The attack on the Reichstag building (2020) or the storming of the U.S. Capitol (2021) illustrate the simultaneity of the polarizing moments threatening democracy in Germany and the United States and show how important it is to get a better picture of these tendencies threatening the democratical movements. An innovative research design is used to simulate tipping points to study opinion formation and polarization in different populations to map (potential) developments in real societies.
The Alfred Landecker Foundation supports the KIT and the FZI in this project.
Innovative research design
Representative panels were used to continuously survey social sentiment. In a very simple and low-threshold way, the same questions were addressed to the participants via an app once a week between November 2022 and April 2023.
Weekly survey data provided a representative picture of the opinions of the German and U.S. populations during the research period. The research focused on the following crisis-related events: The war against Ukraine, the climate and energy crises, and the effects of rising prices.
The researchers matched social sentiment data in two ways:
1) News Event Monitoring: Capture relevant news articles through the media monitoring platform Event Registry. These were articles on events that had been extensively reported in the media and were self-contained in time. In the context of the research project, the relevance of the activities was shown if they could be assigned to the German- or English-speaking area and could be matcged to the main topics that were researched.
2) Social media monitoring: The relevant events from the news event monitoring were compared with the data ("tweets") from the platform Twitter using defined search queries.
By automatically comparing the responses with current events, it is thus possible to draw conclusions between the news and the so-called social sentiment and, at the same time, to check whether the debates in social media are representative.
Who is behind the research project?
The research project Social Sentiment in Times of Crisis consists of an interdisciplinary team of researchers from the FZI Research Center for Computer Science and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and is led by the FZI Research Center for Computer Science.
The FZI is an independent and non-profit institution for computer science application research and technology transfer, founded in 1985 by the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Economics and the University of Karlsruhe (now KIT). In 2011, a main office was opened in Berlin to ensure closer collaboration with policymakers and civil society and to increase the visibility of its own research and developments. This is also where the House of Participation is located as a center of excellence on issues of digital democracy and participation.
The KIT is the research university in the Helmholtz Association, which is operated in cooperation with the state of Baden-Württemberg. The KIT, as it exists today, was formed in 2009 as a result of the merger between the University of Karlsruhe and the Karlsruhe Research Center (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe). KIT employs over 9,000 people, more than half of whom work in natural science, engineering, economics, humanities and social science research.